On 18 February 1921, the first helicopter took to the skies. Piloted by French inventor Etienne Oehmichen, his experimental machine soared way beyond what a fellow Frenchman and his “flying bicycle” had achieved a decade earlier.
A century has passed since that historic flight but since then, the helicopter has become an integral part of the modern world. From its numerous roles to saving countless lives in rescue operations, the chopper boasts numerous indispensable roles.
As this marvellous flying machine turns 100, we look at the helicopter’s multiple uses that range from VIP transport to missile-firing gunships and beyond.
Ultimate status symbols
But Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II, who has her own pad at Buckingham Palace, said she does not like them at all – even when her sons and grandsons are at the controls.
“Why do they always go round and round when you want to talk,” she told naturalist David Attenborough in 2018. They also reminded her of visits by US presidents, who routinely use the Marine One helicopter for trips from the White House lawn.
The rich and famous
Hollywood star Angelina Jolie purchased a helicopter for over US$1.6 million in 2012 so that then husband Brad Pitt could learn to fly. The couple also had a pad installed at their home in southern France, which made it easy for them to hop to the nearby Cannes film festival.
Harrison Ford owns a Bell 407 helicopter and Clint Eastwood has been a helicopter pilot for over three decades. But celebrities’ love affair with choppers can also be fatal.
US basketball legend Kobe Bryant died in a crash in January 2020 while Thai billionaire and Leicester City owner Vichai Srivaddhanaprabha was a victim of a horrific accident in 2018 after flying in to watch his beloved English football club.
Weapons of war
Helicopters have played key roles in wars from Vietnam to Afghanistan, the Falklands, Syria and the Gulf wars. They are used both in combat, where they can be powerful and devastating with their sophisticated guided missiles, and also for transporting troops and equipment.
Search and rescue
With their versatility, helicopters are used to pull people out of stormy seas, off mountain-tops and from landslides and earthquakes.
They were also vital after the world’s worst civilian nuclear accident at the Chernobyl plant in Ukraine in 1986, dumping thousands of tons of lead, sand and clay to cover the destroyed reactor. And they were used to extinguish the fire following the devastating port explosion in Beirut in 2020.
Police use helicopters with sophisticated surveillance cameras and night vision, forward looking infrared (FLIR) cameras, teargas dispensers and searchlights to help capture suspects, chase cars and help locate missing persons.
They are now also a vital tool to manage large public order operations such as sports events and protests.
Some helicopters function as ambulances, especially equipped with a complete set of intensive-care accessories, rushing people from the scene of accidents or transferring patients between hospitals.
Covering the news
When the story is big enough, news organisations have been known to spend thousands of dollars on helicopters to help gather news and images of everything from hurricanes and riots to sports events and celebrity weddings.
Choppers routinely carry oil workers to offshore rigs in the North Sea, Persian Gulf and the Arctic.
Tourist hot spots
Before the pandemic put the brakes on the tourism industry, helicopters gave a birds’ eye views to visitors of the Grand Canyon in the United States, the Everest Base Camp in the Himalayas, Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe and many other destinations from Iceland to New Zealand.
Helicopters have served as a model for some drones, which range from playthings to weapons of war and industrial and environmental tools. Rotary wing drones are also used for search and rescue and security and surveillance operations.